X

Heat Exhaustion - First Aid and Emergency Treatment Guide

J E 4

First Aid-Heat Exhaustion

 Overview

  • Heat exhaustion is a heat - related disorder
  • Here, loss of fluids takes place
  • This decreases blood flow to vital organs, leading to shock
Causes
  • Heat exhaustion caused by excessive heat
  • Increased by overexertion / sweating / hot, humid climate
Risk Factors
  • Poor circulation
  • Recurrent Illness
  • Medications like diuretics / laxatives / anti histamines / anti depressants
  • Young children and older people at risk, even when inactive
Symptoms
  • Weakness / dizziness
  • Headache / nausea 
  • Cold / moist skin 
  • Paleness 
  • Dry tongue / thirst 
  • Vomiting 
  • Loss of appetite 
  • Excessive sweating
  • Rapid / weak heart beat
  • Fast / shallow breathing 
  • Muscle fatigue
  • Cramps 
Treatment

a) Cooling the body
  • Remove the person to a shady place 
  • Loosen tight-fitting clothing
  • Remove extra clothes 
  • Cool the person by sponging with wet cloth / towel
b) Hydrating
  • Give fluids like sports drink / fruit or vegetable juices
  • Water containing electrolytes may be given
  • Give fluid every 15-20 minutes
  • Avoid coffee and alcohol 
Consult A Doctor
  • If the symptoms don't clear up in 30 minutes
Seek emergency help in case of 
  • Physical collapse 
  • Loss of consciousness
Prevention
  • Do not indulge in drunken driving
  • Practice safe methods while driving / sporting / other activities
  • Always follow safety rules
  • Supervise the activities of children

Post your Comments

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.
User Avatar
* Your comment can be maximum of 2500 characters
I agree to the terms and conditions

Most Popular News on Medindia

P
M

Latest News on Medindia

D
s Heat Stroke
S Heat Cramps