Fracture-First Aid and Emergency Treatment Guide

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First Aid-Fracture

What is fracture?

  • A broken or cracked bone
  • Occurs when pressure is applied to bone 
  • Occurs with / without displacement of bone fragments
Types of Fracture
  • Open fracture: Skin breaks causing open wound
  • Closed fracture: Skin not broken 
  • Complicated fractures: Damage of adjacent organs
  • Stress fracture: Hairline crack due to repeated stress
  • Greenstick fracture: In children's flexible bones


Symptoms of Fracture
  • Severe pain 
  • Difficulty in movement
  • Swelling/ bruising / bleeding 
  • Deformity / abnormal twist of limb
  • Tenderness on applying pressure

Severe Pain

First-aid for Fracture
  • Depends on type & location of fracture
For open fractures
  • Control bleeding before treatment
  • Rinse and dress the wound

dress the wound

For open / closed fractures
  • Check the breathing 
  • Calm the person 
  • Examine for other injuries
  • Immobilize the broken wound 
  • Apply ice to reduce pain / swelling
  • Consult a doctor 

Consult a Doctor

  • Massage the affected area
  • Straighten the broken bone 
  • Move without support to broken bone
  • Move joints above / below the fracture
  • Give oral liquids / food


  • Wear protective pads / helmets when driving
  • Teach children / practice, safe habits


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Jesus! u guyz just solved my problem thks
milly18  Friday, May 29, 2015
This is a very informative article. Additional insights can be found on power of referral to your blog posts
Renniel  Wednesday, March 27, 2013
nice information on this topic

crstal01  Saturday, October 27, 2012
best immobilization with soft padding, bandaging and elevation into a triangular bandage to reduce swelling. JosephGravina - Marsaxlokk-Malta
Guz418  Saturday, March 3, 2012
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deepak.1234  Monday, October 31, 2011
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