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Fainting - First Aid and Emergency Treatment Guide

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First Aid-Fainting
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 About Fainting

  • Fainting occurs due to decreased blood supply to brain
  • A fainting spell is usually very brief
  • It may or may not have medical significance





Common Causes
  • Anxiety
  • Emotional upset
  • Stress
  • Severe pain
  • Skipping meals
  • Standing up too fast
  • Standing for a long time in a crowd
  • Some medications
  • Diabetes
  • Blood Pressure 
Symptoms

Before fainting, a person may experience the following:
  • Nausea
  • Giddiness
  • Excessive sweating
  • Dim vision
  • Rapid heart beat or palpitations
Treatment
  • Fainting is a medical emergency, till proven otherwise
  • When a person feels faint-
    Make them sit down or lie down
  • If sitting, position head between knees
  • When a person faints, position him on his back
  • Check to see if airways are clear
  • Restore blood flow by 
    Loosening clothing/belts/collars
  • Elevate feet above head level
  • Patient should become normal within a minute
  • If not, seek medical help 
  • Check if breathing/pulse is normal
  • If not, do Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
Prevention
  • When symptoms appear, lie down
  • Try do avoid stress and anxiety
  • Carefully evaluate your medications
  • Take care of underlying medical conditions
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