Foreign Object In The Eye - First Aid and Emergency Treatment Guide

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First Aid-Foreign Object In The Eye

 Overview

  • Any object that lodges itself in the eye
  • Small objects will be washed out by tears / blinking
  • Others need medical attention
Causes
  • Dust
  • Debris
  • Sand
  • Contact lens
  • Eye lash
  • Make up
  • Flying objects like glass
Symptoms
  • Itching
  • Irritation
  • Pain 
  • Sensitivity to bright light
  • Blurry vision
Treatment
  • Wash hands before helping the victim
  • Seat the person in a lighted area
  • Gently examine the eye
  • Pull lower eyelid downward
  • Ask the person to look upward
  • Then hold upper eyelid while person looks down
  • If object is floating try flushing it out
  • Otherwise, touch the object with wet cotton bud 
  • Object should cling to the cotton bud
  • If object is removed, flush eyes with saline/warm water
  • If object cannot be removed, see a doctor
  • If object is embedded, do not touch
  • Cover the eyes with paper cups and tape it
  • Consult doctor immediately
Steps to Avoid
  • Avoid rubbing eyes
  • Do not remove an embedded object
  • Do not try to remove a large object
Consult a doctor 
  • When the object cannot be removed
  • When object is embedded
  • When the person's vision is affected
  • When the scratching sensation persists
  • When pain persists even after removing object
Prognosis
  • Depends on type of object and mode of entry
  • Glass/sharp objects may damage eye
Prevention
  • Wear protective eye gear at work, if necessary
  • Wear protective gears while playing sports
  • Exercise caution if using contact lens

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