For years, the World Health Organization (WHO) has been using male circumcision as a strategy against HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases, recognizing that a foreskin can mean greater risk of infection. The WHO has approved a device, called 'ShangRing', manufactured by Wuhu Snnda Medical Treatment Appliance in China, for male circumcision without surgery, and will use it to tackle high rates of HIV in developing countries.
ShangRing is a single-use sterilized device for circumcising males over 13 years of age. WHO representative in China, Bernard Schwartländer, said, "ShangRing is a great example of Chinese innovation, and its prequalification by WHO is another example of the increasing role China is taking in global health."
Trials of the new device were earlier conducted in Kenya, Uganda and South Africa. The inner and outer rings of this device fit around the foreskin in such a manner that there is minimum blood loss when the skin is cut off. ShangRing is not just an alternative to surgical circumcision but also helps prevent bleeding and inflammation caused by surgery.
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation helped to fund the trials and pilot studies on safety and reliability of the device. It also provided technical assistance to support WHO prequalification of ShangRing.