Senegalese schoolchildren took a pledge to abstain from promiscuous sex on 1 December 2005, the World AIDS Day. The prevailing taboos in the developing nations and ignorance with regard to AIDS are contributing towards the disease spreading rapidly. The Special Envoy of the U.N Stephen Lewis, has called upon the world's rich nations to contribute more towards combating the disease.
The AIDS scourge is continuing to take a heavy toll in the African Continent, which accounts for over 50% of the HIV population of the world, which is at 40 million people. Senegal is an exception among the African countries with only a 1% HIV population.
South Africa has been particularly badly affected by AIDS as it has the world's largest HIV positive population. The death toll in the country is leaving behind many orphaned children, leaving them in the care of stretched family networks. The industries in the country will be adversely affected by the death of its unskilled staff due to AIDS. Most of the small firms in the nation have failed to take the danger signals seriously, and this may well lead to a large economic cost.
Many of the country's industries have already admitted that they are facing heavy losses due to the disease, and their profits are expected to decline by another 5% by 2010. South Africa has a HIV positive population of 5 million. The children who are orphaned as a result of this will also have to find their own way in the world without support.