A research conducted on petrochemical workers health and their retirement age has revealed that workers who retire early have nearly double the death rate of those who work on until they reach 65. This finding disapproves the existing misconception that people who take off from work early enjoy healthier and happier lives as a consequence.
Men were far more likely to die at a younger age than women, as were those on lower incomes compared to those with the highest incomes. This observed effect is more pronounced in cases where poor health is the cause of retirement.
The employees who retired at 55 had a significantly increased mortality compared with those who retired at 65. In contrast, employees who retired at 60 had a similar survival rate to those who retired at 65. Surprisingly, the observation could not be explained by factors such as sex and socio-economic status.
The results of the present study also highlight the need for improving the health of the ageing population, which cannot be achieved without better social engagement and involvement. The results are consistent with the positive effects of work on the physical and mental health of an individual. In addition to the income, work also provides self-esteem and social interaction.
Perhaps, it would be necessary to provide either part time or full-time employment opportunities for pensioners who wish to work even after retirement. It goes without saying that the other group should be encouraged to engage in social activities.
This would give older people the opportunity to build up a decent retirement income, to use existing or new skills, to help maintain a sense of self esteem and to have social contact. After stopping work, it is vital for older people to stay mentally and physically active to enjoy a fulfilling retirement.