Knee pain is the most common problem among women. However statistics show that among people affected than others. However statistics show that among people affected with knee joint pain, obese people are in the majority. We have to consider many factors before we can be definite about the reasons for the knee pain. Majority of the people are affected by Osteoarthritis. It is explained below briefly.
The basic sturcture of knee joint is composed of 3 bones tibia, Femur (thigh bone and patella). Thigh bone (femur) articulate with leg bone (tibia) to form tibio femoral joint. In front of these bones the patella which slides up and down to form patellofemoral joint. In th ejoint between this femur and tibia certain space should be maintained. This gap is maintained by two groups of muscles which cross the knee joint. Quadriceps is one group of muscle which crosses the front side of the knee which extends (Straightening) the knee. Hamstring is the other group of muscle which crosses the back side of the knee which flexes (bend) the knee. These two group of muscles give support to the knee to maintain the joint space.
Causes of knee joint pain
While standing or walking all the body weight will fall on the knee joint. If the body weight is more it will increase the strain and it will reduce the joint space, because of this knee losses its fluid (synovial) for lubrication. If the muscle tone is sufficient to bear the body weight, the support will be proper to maintain the joint space.
Due to lack of exercises, decreased level of hormones, the muscle losses its tone, the knee joint loses its support and the joint space become reduced. Another reason is over weight (obesity). If the joint space is reduced our body tends to deposit ostophytes (bone forming cells) in and around the joint and it compresses the nacked nerve ending (pain receptors) to form inflammation and cause pain. If the osteophytes deposit between the leg bone and thighbone of the knee joint, it will restrict the joint movement. So at this stage patient cannot bend their legs completely.
New Combined Therapy
New combined therapy comprises homoeopathic medicines, physiotherapy instruments and special manipulations for the knee. In physiotherapy, electro magnetic waves from short wave diathermy and vibrations from the ultrasound machine remove the osteophytes from the joint. By doing isotonic, and isometric exercises we can increase the muscle tone. By the special manipulations we can increase the joint space and enable the patient to bend the knee more. Homoeopathic drugs like RhusTox, Bryonia, Medorrhinuine, Bell, Reduce the inflammation, pain and give permanent cure. Generally it is advised for knee joint pain walking and jogging is not advisable. During these above activities all body weight will fall in the knee joint and increase the pain. So one should strengthen their knee before starting to walk. Swimming is best, as the body weight will not fall on the knee.