It is a good sign if the bites of the insects are itchy and swollen, rather than being tender.
According to scientists at UT Southwestern Medical Center, tenderness may be a sign the bug bite is becoming infected and deserves more medical attention.
Other signs of possible infection are redness extending beyond the immediate bug bite, drainage of pus, or worsening, rather than improvement, of the site over time. The monsoon is the insect season that generally runs from March to October, although summer is definitely the worst span.
Antihistamines like Benadryl (either the oral or the topical form) can be very effective in relieving the itch and decreasing the swelling, or hive-like response, said the researchers.. Topical steroids, such as hydrocortisone, also work well. Both can be found in touch sticks that can make it easier to target the affected area.
Days spent outdoors also can mean ant, tick, wasp and bee stings that can be more serious.
Prevention from insect bites includes wearing long sleeves or pants when venturing into wooded areas or fields where bugs are likely. An insect repellent with DEET (less than 10 percent is generally considered safe for children) is the most effective and can also be sprayed on clothes. Avoid applying it to areas (hands or face) where children might ingest it. For infants, it is best to protect them with clothing or mosquito netting. Repellents containing citronella or soybean oil are generally considered safe, but may not be as effective, points out the investigators.