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Inhaled nitric oxide therapy does not reduce death risk of infants

by Medindia Content Team on  July 8, 2005 at 3:00 PM General Health News   - G J E 4
Inhaled nitric oxide therapy does not reduce death risk of infants
Premature infants with lung problem are often treated with inhaled nitric oxide therapy. A recent study had brought out the fact that this therapy does not reduce the chances of death or further lung infections.
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Researchers for the study are of opinion that premature babies who weigh less than 1.5kgs need not be given inhaled nitric oxide therapy unless they are the part of a study. Inhaled nitric oxide therapy is effective for treating lung infections in babies who are born after a full term pregnancy. This treatment makes the blood vessels in the body more effective in absorbing the oxygen for the metabolism.

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Researchers who had conducted the study on 420 pre-term infants with lung infection found that there does not exist any significant difference between those infants who had received the therapy and those who were given a placebo. 60 % of the infants in the first group and 68% of infants in the placebo group had developed the serious lung infection of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. The death rate was also high in both groups, with 52% of the infants with inhaled nitric oxide and 48% of the infants with placebo failing to survive.

Reference: National Institutes of Health, Press release, July 2005
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