An interesting prospective study undertaken by the
researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital and the
Harvard School of Public Health, has shown that
higher intake of low-fat dairy may lower the risk of
type 2 diabetes in men.
In type 2 diabetes, either the body does not produce
enough insulin or the cells ignore the insulin.
Insulin is necessary for the body to be able to use
sugar. Type 2 diabetes typically occurs in individuals
older than 40 years who have a family history of
diabetes. Lifestyle factors such as diet, exercise and
weight are established risk factors for type 2
diabetes. The present study was undertaken to examine
the direct relation between dairy intake and diabetes
as previous studies had shown that dairy intake
reduces risk of coronary artery diseases and gout.
The information was collected from the questionnaires
administered on 41254 males who had no prior history
of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer from
the Health Professionals Follow-up Study . 1243
incident cases of type 2 diabetes were recorded during
the 12 years of follow-up . The possible relation
between dairy intake and the incident cases of type 2
diabetes was studied which showed that the risk was
more in the those who had consumed less dairy intake
as compared to those who had taken higher amounts.
Another finding highlighted by the study was that an
increase in total dairy intake each day was associated
with a 9% lower risk for type 2 diabetes. Also those
who had consumed low fat intake had reduced risk of
developing type 2 diabetes.
The study has shown that consumption of Dairy
products, especially the low fat type defends against
type 2 diabetes.