Occurrence of prostate cancer is common among older men. Being the second most frequently diagnosed cancer in men, after skin cancer, it is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in men, after lung cancer. Because of better detection there has been a increase in number of detected cases. Most men are uncomfortable as the screening consists of digital rectal exam and a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test. In rectal exam the doctor will insert a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum to examine the size and characteristics of the prostate. The prostate should be symmetrical, about the size of a walnut, and absent of any nodules or polyps. There have been questions from men about post-operated sexual experience and control of urination after prostate removal. However the doctors suggest treatments for this.
According to the American Cancer Society, most cases of prostate cancer occur in men older than 50 and more than 70 percent of these cases are in men older than 65. However, some men in their 20s have been diagnosed. African-American males have the highest incidence. Those with a family history of prostate cancer are at greater risk of developing the cancer. To avoid being affected, the doctors suggests a low-fat diet rich in vegetables, fruits, beans and whole grains. Avoid smoking and exercise regularly. Screening must be done once in a year. The most common treatment for prostate include Surgery, Radiation therapy and Hormone therapy