A study has indicated that inflammatory bowel disease in women could increase the risk of complications in pregnancy by almost two times.
Diseases such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis in pregnant women could result in low birth weight babies or premature babies. Yet, the 'silver lining' exists in the form of advanced medical treatments, available today, which has certainly reduced the risks.
The St. Mary's Hospital team analyzed research material in the form of 12 studies spanning 20 years. Delving into the statistics of 4,000 women, in the throes of Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis, revealed that such women carried a double risk of having a premature or underweight baby. Though researchers were able to discern the risk, they were unable to label the exact causes.
Co-author Dr Paris Tekkis said, 'The surgeon and obstetrician need to discuss between themselves the management of delivery in women with IBD. A definitive study is required to settle the issue of best management and from this a new set of guidelines, to help both patients and their clinicians determine best practice.'