New York: While C-section delivery is known to offset birth trauma, fetal injury cannot be totally ruled out, a study has revealed.
Researchers from the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas have found that, one in 100 babies who have been delivered by caesarean section undergo some sort of injury during the process. The injuries range from slight skin bruises to even severe fractures in the skull or collar bones.
To understand the nature and magnitude of damage caused, Dr. James M. Alexander and colleagues analyzed data from nearly 37,110 cesarean deliveries during 1999 and 2000. The analysis revealed that the rate of injury hovered around 1.1 percent and the risk of injury hinged on the main reason that prompted a caesarian delivery.
Delivery through the birth canal with the assistance of forceps or vacuum contributed to the highest rate of fetal injury, while elective repeat cesarean deliveries was relatively low risk, scientists said.
"Women should be counseled that, although fetal injury is uncommon, it is not absent in cesarean delivery," researchers said.
The findings of the study are published in medical journal Obstetrics and Gynecology.