On the occasion of the World Polio Day, Dr. Harsh Vardhan has offered Pakistan full cooperation in helping eradicate polio from that country.
Pakistan today accounts for 85 percent of the world's polio cases today, a cause for concern for India, her immediate neighbour to the east.
AdvertisementDr. Vardhan welcomed Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif's recent declaration of adoption of a "National Emergency Action Plan-2014". The programme will be fully state funded till 2018.
"I have been through the plan and find that the script is perfect. Pakistan has resolved to set up monitoring cells at the grassroots level. They are also talking of involving social groups, a strategy which worked wonderfully in India," he said.
India's social mobilisation network for the fight against polio, which was originally conceived in Delhi in 1994 when Dr. Vardhan was the state's Health Minister, has been lauded by all international organisations including World Health Organisation, UNICEF, Rotary International and United States Centre for Disease Control.
"This particular model would stand Pakistan in good stead in her own anti-Polio drive. Unless all stakeholders in society, most importantly in Pakistan's context her religious clergy, are involved, it would be impossible to achieve total polio eradication," Dr. Vardhan said.
Recalling the joint statement issued at the end of the Foreign Minister-level talks in September 2012, Dr. Vardhan pointed out that the two countries had already talked of institutionalising cooperation on polio eradication through the mechanism of a Joint Working Group. There is also a technical level working group in the area of health cooperation.
However, there was no significant progress on this front. India achieved full freedom from polio in January 2014 due to the fact that not a single new case had been detected since January 2011.
"This year's World Polio Day is an emotional experience for me because it is the first to be observed since we became a polio free nation. When I launched the first Pulse Polio drive in Delhi in 1994 this seemed an impossible dream," he said.
Dr. Vardhan, who has received awards from WHO, Rotary Foundation, Lions International, Indian Medical Association and many other national and international institutions for his pioneering work in polio eradication, further said: "World Polio Day is for acknowledging that disease does not respect national borders. Globally, since 1998, more than 40 countries that had been polio-free, have suffered from one or more importations of wild polio virus."
The Health Minister said that special measures have been put in place at border crossings. These include vaccination facilities for travellers travelling both ways to Pakistan and having emergency response plans in place along with teams to execute them.
The Ministry of Health is taking steps to introduce the injectable polio virus in the Universal Immunisation Programme from 2015. This is in line with the Global Polio Eradication Initiative's action plan to replace oral vaccines with the injectable variety.
"We should not lose sight of the most fundamentally important measure-maintaining the old tempo of our immunisation campaign," he said.
Dr Nata Menabde, WHO's Representative in India, speaking on the occasion said: "We are using the lessons learnt from polio eradication to strengthen routine immunisation in India. The polio infrastructure is now also being used for other health interventions, especially to protect our children from vaccine-preventable and other diseases."
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