Understanding the Immune Response for Adeno-Associated Virus Infection

by Dr. Trupti Shirole on  August 14, 2016 at 11:17 PM Research News
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The impact of anti-vector antibodies remains a technical hurdle in systemic applications of adeno-associated virus (AAV) gene therapy. A new, long-term study examined the antibody response to natural infection with AAV in chimpanzees for the purpose of characterizing the broad-based immune responses that could reduce the effectiveness of AAV vector-based gene delivery strategies.
 Understanding the Immune Response for Adeno-Associated Virus Infection
Understanding the Immune Response for Adeno-Associated Virus Infection
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The study, which demonstrated the production of antibodies able to cross-neutralize multiple AAV serotypes, is published in Human Gene Therapy Clinical Development, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers.

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Coauthors Roberto Calcedo and James M. Wilson, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, monitored a group of chimpanzees - chosen because of their genetic similarity to humans - for 10 years and measured the levels of circulating antibodies in response to infection with naturally occurring AAV.

The authors discuss the difference observed in the immune response to natural AAV infection compared to administration of AAV vectors used to deliver gene therapy in the article entitled "AAV Natural Infection Induces Broad Cross-Neutralizing Antibody Responses to Multiple AAV Serotypes in Chimpanzees".

Human Gene Therapy Clinical Development Editor James M. Wilson, Director of the Gene Therapy Program, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, said, "The study of chimps provided us a window into the type of antibody response that occurs following a natural AAV infection."

Source: Eurekalert
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