Medindia

X

Toothpicks Were Used by Neanderthals to Alleviate Pain of Gum Disease

by Kathy Jones on  October 20, 2013 at 7:46 PM Dental News   - G J E 4
Hominids used toothpicks to mitigate pain caused by oral diseases such as inflammation of the gums, a new research based on the Cova Forada Neanderthal fossil has shown.

It is the oldest documented case of palliative treatment of dental disease done with this tool.
 Toothpicks Were Used by Neanderthals to Alleviate Pain of Gum Disease
Toothpicks Were Used by Neanderthals to Alleviate Pain of Gum Disease
Advertisement

The study was aimed to show the correlation between the use of toothpicks and an attempt to alleviate sore gums in a Neanderthal maxilla recovered from the archaeological site of Cova Forada.

Advertisement
The material studied consists of three teeth present in situ in the articulated right and left adult maxilla.

The maxilla showed evidence of periodontal disease and heavy dental wear, although it lacks other pathologies such as dental decay or abscesses.

The heavily worn teeth in the specimen are evidenced by the loss of the majority of the dental crown and, on the occlusal surface, by large areas of exposed dentine surrounded by a thin rim of remnant enamel.

The occlusal surfaces show pitting, scratching and enamel chipping of antemortem origin, indicating the intense use of the teeth. The extreme and heavy occlusal load on the teeth throughout the lifetime of this individual resulted in this type of dental wear.

The study is published in PLOS ONE.

Source: ANI
Advertisement

Post your Comments

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.
User Avatar
* Your comment can be maximum of 2500 characters
Notify me when reply is posted I agree to the terms and conditions

You May Also Like

Advertisement
View All