Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which, usually attack the lungs, but they can also damage other parts of the body. Most people infected with the bacteria don't have symptoms.
World's first national tobacco control mass media campaign has been launched by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW), Government of India, to warn people of the increased risk of tuberculosis (TB) and dying from TB associated with smoking cigarettes or bidis, or being exposed to second-hand smoke.
‘India is home to the largest population of patients with tuberculosis and tobacco users in the world as tobacco products like cigarettes and bidis are associated with a higher risk of TB.’
Vital Strategies congratulates the MOHFW on the launch of this important public health campaign, which reveals to the public the links between two of India's most pressing health challenges. The campaign is centred on a Public Service Announcement (PSA) entitled 'TB-Cough,' which has been developed and implemented with technical support from Vital Strategies. 'TB Cough,' launched to coincide with this year's World No Tobacco Day, graphically shows that while a smoker's cough tells the smoker they have a health problem, a persistent cough over two weeks or more could indicate that problem is TB, as smoking increases the risk of TB and dying from TB.
It goes on to show a father smoking and coughing beside his daughter, noting that exposure to second-hand smoke brings the same risks. The PSA ends with the stark warning that "Every bidi cigarette brings you and those around you closer to TB." The campaign will be broadcast for duration of two weeks on all major government and private TV and radio channels, as well as community radio channels, in 17 languages, for pan-India reach. Jose Luis Castro, President and Chief Executive Officer, Vital Strategies, commented, "We congratulate the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare on the launch of this important campaign, which will reach millions of Indians. Tobacco-related diseases and TB are socially and economically costly, representing real threats to development in India.
Too many lives and livelihoods are being lost due to these health epidemics, so it's important to show people that they can and should change their behaviour to protect themselves and those around them." "It's also important that this campaign shows that bidis, which often escape proper scrutiny, are as harmful as cigarettes in terms of increased risk of TB. The campaign sends out a strong message to citizen across the country. We also need policymakers to heed its message, and take action. The prevention of tobacco use and TB requires urgent attention both at the state and national level, and would be accelerated by using the new GST to tax bidis commensurate with their harm," Castro added.
Health experts have long known that tobacco products like cigarettes and bidis are associated with a higher risk of TB and dying from TB - for smokers, people exposed to second-hand smoke, and bidi workers. This is one reason why civil society is advocating for bidis to be included in the highest tax slab of the new GST, along with all other tobacco products. The 30-second long PSA was rigorously pretested with a target audience who found that 'TB Cough' was "easy to understand," "believable," "made respondents stop and think" and "made respondents feel more concerned" about smoking around others. The PSA also made respondents "feel sympathetic to those with TB," "made them feel concerned about symptoms of TB," "made them more likely to visit a doctor if they had TB symptoms" and "increased their confidence to take TB medications if they got sick." Overall, respondents understood the main message of the PSA and it resonated well with them.