The annual statistics published by the
American Cancer Society shows that the death rate due to cancer in the United
States has fallen by 22% from its peak in 1991. This means the death of more than
1.5 million people due to cancer has been avoided. The report, "Cancer
Statistics, 2015," published in the American Cancer Society's journal CA:
A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, and its companion piece "Cancer Facts
& Figures 2015," estimates the numbers of new cancer cases and deaths
expected in the U.S. in the year 2015.
According to the reports publishes, a total
of 1,658,370 new cancer cases and 589,430 deaths from cancer are projected to
occur in the U.S. in 2015. For the period of the most recent five years
(2007-2011), new cancer cases had decreased by 1.8% per year in men and had
stayed the same in women. Cancer death rates had decreased by 1.8% per year in
men and 1.4% in women in the same five years.
John R. Seffrin, PhD who is the chief executive
officer at the American Cancer Society in a statement said that, "The
continuing drops we're seeing in cancer mortality are reason to celebrate, but
not to stop. Cancer was responsible for nearly one in four deaths in the United
States in 2011, making it the second leading cause of death overall. It is
already the leading cause of death among adults aged 40 to 79, and is expected
to overtake heart disease as the leading cause of death among all Americans
within the next several years. The change may be inevitable, but we can still
lessen cancer's deadly impact by making sure as many Americans as possible have
access to the best tools to prevent, detect, and treat cancer."
The researchers also stated that additional
progress in order to keep the cancer deaths in control could be made by
applying cancer-fighting efforts across all segments of the population in the
country. It was found that the decrease in cancer deaths varied with state and
was generally lowest in the South and highest in the Northeast. The Regional
differences that are found in the cancer death rates reflect the differences
found in risk factor patterns, such as smoking and obesity, as well as
disparities in the national distribution of poverty and access to health care,
which have increased over time.