Medindia

X

Sports Concussions may Soon be Diagnosed by On-Field Blood Test

by Kathy Jones on  January 9, 2014 at 10:56 PM General Health News   - G J E 4
A new study suggests that a brain protein, S100B, accurately distinguishes a sports-related concussion from sports exertion. This protein may soon be detected by a simple finger-stick blood test.
 Sports Concussions may Soon be Diagnosed by On-Field Blood Test
Sports Concussions may Soon be Diagnosed by On-Field Blood Test
Advertisement

The study conducted among college athletes in Rochester, N.Y., and Munich, Germany, is published in PLOS ONE by Jeffrey J. Bazarian, M.D., professor at the University of Rochester.

Advertisement
For years Bazarian and others have been investigating the use of S100B for on-field diagnoses of head injuries. The current method of diagnosing concussion by evaluating symptoms such as loss of consciousness, confusion, and headache are notoriously inaccurate. This makes it difficult for coaches and trainers to decide who should come out of the game.

S100B is a well-accepted biomarker for traumatic brain injury, and Europeans are already using it to decide who is at high risk for intracranial bleeding and in need of head CT scanning.

However, the obstacle to using S100B to diagnose sports concussions has been the observation that brain protein levels tend to rise slightly after physical exertion, for reasons that are not exactly clear. Therefore, scientists must first have the ability to separate the effects of physical exertion from concussion when looking at S100B levels in the blood.

In this study, 46 athletes completed preseason baseline testing for S100B. Researchers re-tested 30 of them after exertion and found that their S100B levels rose on average only about 2% compared to baseline.

Twenty two of the 46 athletes suffered clinically confirmed concussions. And of the 22 athletes, 17 underwent S100B testing within 3 hours of injury. Results showed their S100B levels soared an average of about 81% compared to baseline. Bazarian and his colleagues concluded that in these athletes a rise in S100B levels greater than 45% was nearly diagnostic of concussion.



Source: Eurekalert
Advertisement

Post your Comments

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.
User Avatar
* Your comment can be maximum of 2500 characters
Notify me when reply is posted I agree to the terms and conditions

You May Also Like

Advertisement
View All