People with Type 1 diabetes will no longer need to inject
multiple shots of insulin everyday to control their blood sugar level once
'smart' insulins that scientists have been developing pass a series of trials,
say recent media reports.
Scientists are optimistic that these smart insulins could
revolutionize the way diabetes is managed as a single dose of these would keep
circulating in the body, turning on and off when needed.
Currently, people suffering from Type 1 diabetes have to
repeat blood tests and injections throughout the day to keep their blood sugar
in check. Without insulin injections, their blood sugar level can get
dangerously high. However, these injections can also make blood sugar levels
drop too low.
The Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation has been a source
of funds for research on smart insulins.
"Taking too much insulin can drive someone's glucose
levels too low, leading to a 'hypo', while taking too little means glucose
levels rise too high, which can have a serious cumulative health impact in the
A smart insulin would eliminate hypos - which are what many
with type 1 diabetes hate most. It would enable people with type 1 diabetes to
achieve near perfect glucose control, all from a single injection per day or
even per week," said Karen Addington, chief executive of the Foundation in