A new study shows that India's birth rate has considerably declined in the
last two decades due in part to rising female literacy. However, experts have
warned against complacency in the country of 1.2 billion.
According to the official figures released on Monday, the Total Fertility
Rate, which is the number of children an average woman will have in her
lifetime, based on current trends has fallen to just 2.3 last year from 3.6 in
The report known as Sample Registration Survey says that improvements in
female literacy were having "a direct impact on fertility". India is set to
become the world's most populated country in the next decade and has been
trying hard for decades to curb population growth.
On this, Poonam Muttreja, director of the Population Foundation of India, a
non-profit advocacy and research group commented that, "The new data shows
India does not need to panic."