Cancer is a complicated disease
with over 200 variants of it being identified globally. With so many advances
in the arena of Cancer research, the disease still continues to be associated
with a persistent phobia.
The fear primarily arises out of
misconceptions and ignorance. Lack of information and awareness is one of the
many reasons why people do not approach a doctor at an early stage.
Many of the Cancers are
preventable and curable. More importantly, Cancer responds well to treatment if
detected early. Higher incidence of Cancer is especially noted in the head and
neck region in men and cervix and breast for women. In order to understand the
incidence of Cancer in the metro city, Metropolis analysed data of samples
processed over a year.
Below is a brief overview of our
findings in Mumbai City
|Cancer Type||Total||Cancer Type||Total|
|Breast||214||Brain & Nervous System||36|
|Lip, oral cavity||144||Nasopharynx, other pharynx ||22|
|Cervix Uteri ||75||Thyroid||17|
|Urinary Bladder||52||Gall bladder||8|
Of over 15,345 samples that were
tested at Metropolis Healthcare Ltd, Mumbai for over a year, 1151 samples were
found to be positive for cancer.
Over 18.59% of samples were in
the Breast Category and 14.42% belonged to the Hematolymphoid category. Over
10% of the samples were found positive for Lip and Oral Cavity. Cervix Uteri and
Colerectum contributed to 6.5% each.
Commenting on the study, Dr.
Divisional Head - Oncology - Group & surgical
pathology -Mumbai, "
Some types of cancer can be found before the
symptoms start appearing, especially cancers of head and neck, breast and
cervix. Every individual needs to be fully aware of their health status and go
for regular check-ups. Its time people take a proactive approach to their
The WHO points to the fact that
by maintaining a healthy weight, regular physical activity, avoiding tobacco
usage, adopting good nutrition practices and limiting alcohol
consumption can help prevent cancer and maintain general good health.
Screening refers to the use of
simple tests across a healthy population in order to identify individuals who
have disease, but do not yet have symptoms. Examples include cervical cancer
screening using cytology screening methods, including Pap smears. All screening
tests are approved only after their effectiveness is demonstrated on a large
Some early signs of cancer
include lumps, sores that fail to heal, abnormal bleeding, persistent
indigestion, and chronic hoarseness. Early diagnosis is particularly relevant
for cancers of the breast, cervix, mouth, larynx, colon and rectum, and skin.