Reducing Cell Turnover in Intestinal Lining may Treat Irritable Bowel Syndrome

by Shirley Johanna on  April 6, 2016 at 11:25 AM Research News
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The most rapidly-renewing tissue in the body is the lining of the intestine. Routine shedding of epithelial cells from intestinal lining is the key element of tissue turnover, which is essential to maintain optimal health.
Reducing Cell Turnover in Intestinal Lining may Treat Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Reducing Cell Turnover in Intestinal Lining may Treat Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Altered shedding is associated with multiple disorders, ranging from inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) to colorectal cancer.

Researchers at The Saban Research Institute of Children's Hospital Los Angeles (CHLA) looked at ways such shedding and cell regeneration are controlled in healthy intestine.

Their study, currently published online in the Journal of Cell Science, showed that shedding is negatively regulated by epidermal growth factor (EGF) - an important driver of intestinal growth and differentiation.

"We found that, surprisingly, EGF suppresses shedding of epithelial cells in the intestine through a selective, MAPK-dependent signaling pathway," said CHLA researcher Mark R. Frey, who is also an assistant professor of Pediatrics and Biochemistry at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California. His team used coordinated in vitro models (cell culture and 3-D culture systems) to study the effects of blocking MAPK pathways. Similar results were found in vivo, in a novel zebrafish model for intestinal epithelial shedding.

This insight could identify potential targets for correcting pathological shedding in diseases such as IBD.



Source: Eurekalert

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