Plain packaging means tobacco company colors, logos and design elements are not allowed on tobacco products, but government health warnings still appear. Australia was the first country to implement plain packaging in December 2012 in an effort to curb national smoking rates. Following the introduction of plain packaging on tobacco products in 2012, Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were 12% less likely to think certain tobacco brands were less harmful than others, revealed a new study.
The research, published in the Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
, studied the effects of plain packaging on Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people's perceptions of different brands being less harmful or more prestigious than others.
‘Plain packaging reduced overall misperceptions that there are healthier tobacco brands. It was also observed that people under the age of 35 years were 16.5% less likely to view some brands as more prestigious than others.’
Dr. Raglan Maddox, a postdoctoral fellow at the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael's Hospital, specializing in Aboriginal tobacco use, public health and evaluation, said, "We know that brand imagery and design elements influence perceptions of consumer risk and status. Colors, shapes and symbols on packaging contribute to beliefs that certain brands are more high-status, while using words like mild, light or slim can give consumers the impression that some tobacco products are less harmful than others."
The study found plain packaging not only reduced overall misperceptions that there are healthier tobacco brands, but also found that participants under the age of 35 years were 16.5% less likely to view some brands as more prestigious than others. Research also indicates that smokers, especially those ages 18 to 29 years, found the new plain packs less appealing.
Dr. Maddox said, "These age-specific findings provide important insight for changing perceptions of status or prestige associated with tobacco brands in the younger indigenous population. Preventing uptake and eliminating tobacco use in this demographic is central to addressing the disproportionate burden of smoking-related death and disease, while also improving overall health and life expectancy."
In 2013, approximately 42% of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were smokers - a substantially higher rate than the general population. Tobacco-related illness is the most preventable cause of disease and death in both Australian Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people, contributing to heart disease, chronic respiratory disease and various forms of cancer.
Dr. Maddox said, "The study adds to growing literature indicating the world's first plain packaging initiative is associated with increased thoughts of smoking cessation, attempts to stop smoking and calls to cessation helplines."
Dr. Maddox said, "The findings are consistent with recent, broader research that smokers were more likely to correctly identify that cigarette brands are equally harmful and similar in prestige after plain packaging was implemented. The findings on Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people further support plain packaging and health warnings as an effective strategy in reducing global tobacco use."