Stroke is highly prevalent among the people from higher socioeconomic status and young adults in Ludhiana, says a new survey. Nearly 25 percent of the newly reported stroke cases from 2010 to 2013 were of the patients between the age group of 18 and 49 years. However, in other cities and even worldwide such patients are generally above 60 years of age.
The survey was conducted by former board of director of World Stroke Organization and head of the department of neurology at CMCH Dr Jeyaraj Durai Pandian.
‘Majority of Strokes are caused by hypertension (72%) followed by diabetes, high cholesterol, smoking, obesity, heart problems and unhealthy diet.’
The survey found that 22 percent of the cases in the young age group was fatal. Most of the patients were from posh and industrial areas of the city. The reason was found to be high levels of stress and low levels of physical activity.
The survey comprised of 11 lakh people in Ludhiana above 18 years of age. Between 2010 and 2013, 3,441 stroke cases were reported and 25 percent were in the young age group.
Dr Pandian said, "Worldwide stroke attacks people above 60 years of age. We were shocked here. Most unfortunately, 22% cases were fatal. This is not a good sign."
One of the major reasons for stroke is hypertension. "I would say that hypertension contributes 72 percent in causing stroke, followed by diabetes, high cholesterol, smoking, obesity, heart problems and unhealthy diet," said Dr Pandian.
"Youngsters don't do much physical activity. Besides, they suffer from high levels of stress. While in industrial area, stress and smoke are contributing factors," he added.
Stroke specialist Dr Mahesh Kate said, "Anyone who gets stroke once is not able to work in the same way again. High number of stroke among young patients is a dangerous sign."