India is on the verge of becoming the suicide capital of the world. Speaking ahead of the World Mental Health Day on October 10, doctors have suggested that over 90% of suicides are caused due to various types of depression including bipolar depressive disorder.
The doctors also said, "In the last few decades, the number of suicides have tripled and has been the highest in the age group of 15-24 years."
Dr. Atmesh Kumar, consultant of mental health at city-based Saroj Hospital, said, "It has been found that about 40% suicides among males and 56% of suicides in females are in the age group of 15-24 years and the leading cause is depression, which is the biggest form of mental disorder. Due to the ignorance, depression not only affects the mental health but also the depicts various bodily symptoms like muscle pain, fatigue and head ache."
Dr. Kumar further added, "Almost 90% of suicide victims suffer from some psychiatric disorder and the majority are due to depression. The increase in suicides are due to increasing stress levels, lack of family support and lack of timely treatment and many socioeconomic factors and substance, intoxicant abuse."
Dr. Priyaranjan Avinash, senior psychiatrist of ePsyClinic.com, an online health portal said, "The rise in the suicides of youngsters is related to the change in the ethos of the society. There are many types of depression. One way to classify would be endogenous and reactive depression. Endogenous are considered mostly biological while reactive is considered to be caused by life events."
Speaking about the anti-depression pills used by the youngsters to avoid depression, Dr. Avinash said, "There are some patients with depression who require more than just medications and may require various psychological and physical therapies like, ECT, rTMS etc."