Novel Antibody Targeting Fat-Tissue Hormone May Lead To Type 2 Diabetes Treatment

by Shirley Johanna on  January 4, 2016 at 4:19 PM Diabetes News   - G J E 4
An anti-body developed by researchers to target a hormone in adipose tissue can be a potential new treatment for diabetes, says a new study.
Novel Antibody Targeting Fat-Tissue Hormone May Lead To Type 2 Diabetes Treatment
Novel Antibody Targeting Fat-Tissue Hormone May Lead To Type 2 Diabetes Treatment

Besides Type-2 diabetes, the new therapeutic that improves glucose regulation and reduces fatty liver could potentially be used to treat fatty liver disease, and other metabolic diseases, the study said.

‘The antibody improves glucose regulation and reduces fatty liver in obese mice by targeting a hormone in adipose tissue called aP2 (also known as FABP4).’
These monoclonal antibodies have the potential to be transformative first-in-class therapeutics to fight obesity-related metabolic and immunometabolic disease, the researchers said.

The hormone in fat tissue that the antibody targets is called aP2 (also known as FABP4).

"The importance of this study is two-fold: first, demonstrating the importance of aP2 as a critical hormone in abnormal glucose metabolism, and secondly, showing that aP2 can be effectively targeted to treat diabetes and potentially other immunometabolic diseases," said Gokhan Hotamisligil, professor at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.

The increase in adipose tissue characteristic of obesity has long been linked to increased risk for metabolic diseases such as Type-2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

Recently, it has become clear that the tissue itself plays an active role in metabolic disease, in part by releasing hormones which act in distant sites such as the liver, muscle, and brain that affect systemic metabolism.

In the new study, the researchers described the development and evaluation of novel monoclonal antibodies targeting the hormone aP2.

The team found that one of these antibodies effectively improved glucose regulation in two independent models of obesity.

Additionally, beneficial reductions in liver fat were observed.

This work is still at the pre-clinical stage and will require extensive evaluation for safety and effectiveness before being considered for use in humans, the researchers pointed out.

The findings were detailed online in the journal Science Translational Medicine.

Source: IANS

Post your Comments

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.
User Avatar
* Your comment can be maximum of 2500 characters
Notify me when reply is posted I agree to the terms and conditions

You May Also Like

View All