According to Viktor Ivanov - Russia's Federal Drug Control Service head almost nine million Russians regularly take illicit drugs.
"About 8.8 million Russians are drug addicts and over 18 million have tried narcotics at least once," Ivanov told a news conference in Moscow.
Russia, which is the main conduit of drugs originating in Afghanistan, holds the first place worldwide for the number of heroin addicts per capita.
Over 90 percent of drug addicts in the country use heroin.
The heroin market in Russia is valued at $6 billion while the country's hashish market is estimated at $1.5 billion.
Ivanov said his agency and the interior ministry were ready to implement a comprehensive database on drug users who have been involved in drug-related criminal activities.
It would be part of a state sponsored rehabilitation programme for drug addicts, which is expected to be drafted in March next year.