Nagaland is the second largest consumer of tobacco products in India with 57% of the population into the habit,
says the latest data released by Kohima District Tobacco Control Cell (KDTCC).
Total population of the state stands at 20 lakhs. The statistics becomes
serious as 37% of students are into smoking habits while 41% school children
are smokeless tobacco users.
Asenla Jamir, psychologist at KDTCC, said there are one billion smokers in
the world of which 20% comprises women smokers. India is the second largest
consumer of tobacco products in the world, she said adding that one million
people in the country die every year due to tobacco. Jamir said that 2200
Indians die every day due to tobacco use. India has the largest number of oral
cancer in the world while 40% of all cancers in India are due to tobacco.
She said use of tobacco can cause short and long term effects. Short term
effects are: increased heart rate and blood pressure, smelly hair, bad breath,
stained teeth, damage to gum tissue, tooth decay, reduced sense of smell and
taste, trouble breathing, increased sensitivity to cold and heat.
Long-term effects are:
Cancers (oral, lung, stomach, esophagus, bladder,
liver, breast, head and neck, kidney)
Ulcers in the mouth
Chronic cough, asthma
Impotence in men and difficulty in bearing children
Tobacco Scenario in the State
School children smoking: 37%
Male school children smoking: 55%
Female school children smoking: 18%
School children tobacco users (Smokeless): 41%
Male school children smokeless form users: 50%
Female school children smokeless form users: 33%