More Likely to be Restrained, Secluded in School Are Students With A Disability: Carsey Institute

by Rukmani Krishna on  December 22, 2013 at 11:53 PM General Health News
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New research reveals that the restraint and seclusion of students in U.S. public schools in response to student behavior problems are used much more frequently on students with a disability and especially in school districts. The research was led by the Carsey Institute at the University of New Hampshire.
 More Likely to be Restrained, Secluded in School Are Students With A Disability: Carsey Institute
More Likely to be Restrained, Secluded in School Are Students With A Disability: Carsey Institute

Restraint is a practice that uses physical or mechanical means to restrict a student's freedom of motion. Seclusion is a practice that usually involves the involuntary isolation of a student for a period of several minutes.

The research is presented in the Carsey Institute brief "Variation in rates of restraint and seclusion among students with a disability." The research was conducted by Douglas Gagnon, doctoral candidate in education at UNH and a research assistant at the Carsey Institute; Marybeth Mattingly, director of research on vulnerable families at the Carsey Institute and research assistant professor of sociology at UNH; and Vincent Connelly, associate professor of education at UNH.

On average across school districts nationwide, there were 2.6 instances of restraint for every 100 students with a disability for the 2009-2010 school year, compared with only 0.1 instances for every 100 students without a disability, the researchers found. Seclusion rates followed a similar pattern.

The researchers found there was wide variability in the use of restraint and seclusion on students with a disability in school districts, with the vast majority of school districts not employing these techniques. According to the researchers, 59.3 percent of school districts report no instances of restraint of a student with a disability and 82.5 percent do not report a single instance of seclusion. However, a small proportion of districts report exceedingly high rates.

Source: Eurekalert

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