The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is considering a new national antibiotics policy to handle increasing antibiotics resistance in hospitals.
"We have received some proposals from experts and are examining them to frame a new policy," Health Secretary Keshav Desiraju told IANS Saturday.
In 2011, the ministry came out with a draft antibiotics policy, which was shelved after protests on some provisions.
Under the earlier proposal, several drugs were to be sold only against prescriptions while others would be available only for hospital use and not in pharmacies.
Experts claim that an antibiotics policy is of vital importance to ensure that obstinate strains of antibiotics do not develop.
This is specially so in corporate and private hospitals where the use of expensive antibiotics is more common, they said.
The need for such a policy arose after leading general medical journal Lancet noted in a report in 2010 the emergence of a new enzyme in India that made bacteria resistant to all known antibiotics.
India had taken objection to the name New Delhi Metallo-1 given to the enzyme.