After a year of contemplation whether to have its own Organ Transplant Act, Maharashtra has finally decided to follow the amendments made in the central government's Human Organ Transplant Act, 2011.
On the lines of the central Act, which was amended in 2011, the state cabinet approved the amendments to the state Act on human organ transplant.
Dr Pravin Shingare, director of Medical Education and Research, said: "We have officially accepted the central Act in toto and reviewed our organ transplant Act. The central Act was amended in 2011. We were contemplating to have our own organ Act but decided to go with the former to avoid legal complications."
The state's organ transplant Act will now be called Organ and Tissues Act, said Shingare. "Among the changes in the new Organ and Tissue Act, paternal and maternal grandparents and grandchildren have been included in near relatives," he said.
The Act now allows swap transplant in the state. "Although swap transplants were being conducted in the state, it was done because the central Act allowed it for the benefit of the patient. Necessary permissions were taken for the same. It will now be done officially," said Dr Shingare.
An unrelated donor could donate his or her kidney to a recipient whose family member would in return donate one kidney to another patient, according to the central Act. "This method is successful for those whose blood group does not match within the family and require kidney donation from a stranger," said Dr Shingare.