Kids With High Blood Pressure Face Further Hospitalizations, Surging Charges
Researchers obtained discharge records from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Kids' Inpatient Database from 1997, 2000, 2003 and 2006. They found:
- Pediatric hypertension-related hospitalizations in the United States nearly doubled, from 12,661 in 1997 to 24,602 in 2006.
- Charges for inpatient care for hypertensive children increased by 50 percent, reaching an estimated $3.1 billion. That does not include outpatient charges, a figure that remains unknown nationwide.
- The most significant increases in healthcare charges were for children with hypertension and end stage kidney disease.
Average length of stay for children with hypertension was double that of children with other illnesses, eight days compared to four days.
When hypertension was the primary diagnosis, convulsive disorder, headache, obesity and systemic lupus erythematosus were the most common secondary diagnoses.When high blood pressure was in any diagnoses, the most common primary diagnoses were lupus, complications of kidney transplant, pneumonia and acute proliferative glomerulonephritis, a condition in the kidney that causes inflammation that can result in hypertension. Physicians should address healthy lifestyle habits during children's well visits to reduce hypertension, Tran said.
"A child with high blood pressure is at increased risk for having high blood pressure in adulthood and the heart and stroke risks that come with that diagnosis," she said.Hypertension is present in 1 percent to 3 percent of children in the United States. Among children ages 2 to 19 years, 31.7 percent are overweight (23.6 million) and 16.9 percent are obese (12.6 million), according to American Heart Association statistics.