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It's Time to Bring Down the Prevalence of Non-communicable Diseases

by Julia Samuel on  January 21, 2015 at 2:52 PM Lifestyle News   - G J E 4
Global Status Report estimates nearly 52 million lives globally would be a prey to Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) by the year 2030.

NCDs such as heart disease, diabetes, lung disease and cancers killed 38 million people globally in 2012 among which 8.5 million were South-East Asians.
It's Time to Bring Down the Prevalence of Non-communicable Diseases
It's Time to Bring Down the Prevalence of Non-communicable Diseases
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The report emphasized that this number is expected to grow larger if we do not act now to arrest this epidemic.

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Nearly 60 percent of all deaths in India, were due to NCDs and 26 percent between the ages of 30-70 years had a probability of succumbing to the four diseases.

All governments must commit and set national NCD targets this year and implement policy and cost-effective interventions for prevention and control of major non-communicable diseases.

High rates of death and disease, particularly in low and middle income countries, is a reflection of inadequate investment in cost-effective NCD interventions.

The problem is growing, particularly in the South-East Asia Region, where non-communicable diseases cause two out of three deaths, it said.

WHO regional director for South-East Asia region Poonam Khetrapal Singh said nearly half of the deaths due to non-communicable diseases occur in the 30 to 70 years age group.

"Most of the premature NCD deaths are preventable. Promoting simple lifestyle changes and diet modifications can prevent non-communicable diseases," she said.

The WHO recommended that all countries implement the "best buys" interventions such as:

- Banning all forms of tobacco and alcohol advertising

- Reducing salt consumption

- Replacing trans fats with polyunsaturated fats

- Promoting and protecting breastfeeding

- Early detection and treatment of high blood pressure

- Preventing cervical cancer through periodic screening

Among the targets set by the WHO are lowering salt or sodium intake by 30%, atleast 10% reduction in alcohol abuse, lowering tobacco use by 30%, a 25% relative reduction in the prevalence of raised blood pressure.

Source: Medindia
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