India to Spend $4.35 Billion on Healthcare: Budget 2009
India's health budget has escalated from Rs.4,000 Crores to Rs.21,113.33 Crores ($4.35 billion) with the Finance Minister laying special emphasis on rural healthcare and health for all. The budget allocation for the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) increased by Rs.2,057 Crores.
The NRHM was launched in 2005 by the UPA government with the aim of providing quality healthcare for people living in remote areas.
The government is setting up six All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)- like institutions across the country and hopes to upgrade thirteen of the existing medical colleges. Rs.1,447.92 Crores has been earmarked for this project. The project also hopes to correct the regional imbalance in the healthcare services by setting up AIIMS prototypes across smaller towns like Patna (Bihar), Raipur (Chhattisgarh), Bhopal (Madhya Pradesh), Bhubaneswar (Orissa), Jodhpur (Rajasthan) and Rishikesh (Uttarakhand).
The recent budget has also set aside Rs.10 Crores for the National Programme for Prevention and Control of Deafness (NPPCD). This program aims to prevent avoidable hearing loss and make possible the early identification, diagnosis and treatment of ear-associated problems that cause deafness.
The budget also allocates Rs.100 Crores for starting medical, non-medical and nursing courses in institutions under the purview of the health ministry with a view to reserve 27 percent for the Other Backward Classes (OBC).
The department of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) under the health ministry has been allocated Rs.734 Crores with the aim of developing and promoting the Indian systems of medicines.
The Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY), the health insurance plan that was launched in 2008 now sees a 40 percent increase (Rs.350 Crores) in its budget allocations. "Government proposes to bring all BPL families under this scheme" Mukherjee added.
Reacting to the Budget proposals, well -known heart surgeon K K Aggarwal said that the budget had little to offer the health sector.
'The budget has increased allocation for Defence by 34 per cent to Rs 1,41,703 Crores, while the allocation for health is quite meager. For example, the budget increases allocation under the Rural Health Mission by just Rs 257 Crores,' Dr Aggarwal remarked.
Although the health sector has now been exempted from service tax, transport has been assigned service tax. This automatically includes the ambulances which come under the purview of transport.
'This year, they have imposed a tax on ambulances. Next year, it could be the health professionals,' Dr Aggarwal opined.
Another disappointing feature was that no novel health insurance scheme has been announced in the budget.
'We were expecting the Government to announce new hospitals and dispensaries besides funding for buying new and technologically advanced medical equipment. But, nothing has been announced on this in the Budget'. the heart specialist complains.
The Union budget has, by and large, been welcomed by the pharma industry. While the industry is happy with continuation of the excise duty at 4 percent - a move which has been welcomed. This means that the consumers will be able to get the medicines at the same cost. Some of the other features include-
• Weighted deduction of 150 per cent on expenditure incurred on in-house R&D in manufacturing businesses
• Customs duty reduced from 10 to 5 percent on life saving drugs
• Countervailing duty on the influenza vaccine and nine specified life saving drugs including those used for treating breast cancer, hepatitis-B, rheumatic arthritis
• Total exemption of excise duty for these drugs.
Some pharma giants have described the budget as 'growth-oriented straight forward practical solution to industrial growth'. But the industry seems to be anticipating more .