In 2015, India
has recorded the highest number of deaths of children under the age of five and
performed poorly in terms of tuberculosis and maternal survival, according to a
latest Lancet study.
Burden of Disease study 2015 published in the Lancet which assesses the state
of world's health, said over a million under-five children have died in 2015.
‘Although life expectancy has risen, seven out of 10 deaths occur due to non-communicable diseases while headaches, tooth cavities and hearing and vision loss each affect more than 1 in 10 people across the world.’
The study said
that cardiovascular diseases account for a large and increasing proportion of
deaths in India. "Most countries in the region did better than expected at
reducing health loss from strokes (like India, Pakistan) and lower respiratory
infections (like Bangladesh, Nepal).
performed much worse than expected on tuberculosis, whilst Bangladesh did
poorly on drowning. All countries in the region did much worse than expected at
reducing deaths in children under-5, with India recording the largest number of
under-5 deaths of any country in 2015, at 1.3 million," it said.
The study reports that while Bangladesh has improved maternal survival much faster than expected,
India and Nepal have fared poorly.
analysis it is estimated that there were more deaths due to chronic kidney
disease than in previous analysis because of improved estimates within
countries with large populations such as China, India, and Russia.
The study found
that although life expectancy has risen but seven out of 10 deaths now occur
due to non-communicable diseases while headaches, tooth cavities and hearing
and vision loss each affect more than 1 in 10 people across the world.
Progress has been made on reducing
unsafe water and sanitation, but diet, obesity, and drug use are an increasing threat.