The incidence of cancer in India was coming down while it was on
the rise in the United States and Europe, says a renowned surgical oncologist.
A renowned surgical oncologist and director of Mumbai's Tata
Memorial Hospital Rajendra A. Badwe said that the incidence of cancer in India
was coming down while it was on the rise in the United States and Europe.
Delivering a talk at the Apollo Cancer Conclave, he noted that
India had 100 cancer patients for every one lakh population, while US has 350.
Also, there were 40-50 breast cancer cases among a lakh Indians, while the
figure in the US was close to 120.
Rural India does even better, with only 50 instances of cancer
for every lakh population, the cancer specialist said. "We can bring down the
incidence of cancer in India by two-thirds if we take three major steps:
privacy of bathrooms to ensure personal hygiene, restrictions on the use of
tobacco and controlling obesity," Dr Badwe said.
While delivering a lecture on cancer genetics, Dr. Rajiv Sarin of
the Tata Memorial Centre said the risk of hereditary cancers was in the range
of five percent for cancer of the breast, 10 percent for that of the ovary,
20 percent for colorectal and 20 percent for childhood cancers.
Those with a defective BRCA1 gene had 30 percent chance of
developing ovarian cancer in their lifetime and 75 percent chances of
developing breast cancer.
Dr. Sarin said, "Such high-risk patients have to be put on a
monthly breast self-examination programme, annual mammography screening and
other options like removing ovaries, which fully wipes the risk of ovarian
cancer and reduces breast cancer risk by 50 percent."