Medindia

X

Increased Risk Of Pneumococcal Pneumonia In Adults Hospitalized During School Holidays

by Dr. Meenakshy Varier on  September 6, 2016 at 5:17 PM Hospital News   - G J E 4
Adults admitted to hospital during school holidays are 38% more likely to have pneumococcal community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) than those admitted during term time stated the study presented at the European Respiratory Society (ERS) International Congress in London, UK .
Increased Risk Of Pneumococcal Pneumonia In Adults Hospitalized During School Holidays
Increased Risk Of Pneumococcal Pneumonia In Adults Hospitalized During School Holidays
Advertisement

The study is by Dr Priya Daniel, Clinical Research Fellow and Specialist Registrar in Respiratory Medicine, Nottingham University Hospitals Trust, UK, and colleagues.

‘Vaccinating adults who are admitted to hospitals and at a high risk of developing pneumococcal pneumonia, may prove useful in circumstances where the adult-child contact cannot be avoided.’
Advertisement
Child contact is a risk factor for adult pneumococcal disease. In this new research, the authors hypothesised that school holidays would be associated with increased rates of adult non-invasive pneumococcal CAP, due to changes in child contact patterns and transmission of Streptococcus pneumoniae.

Between September 2008 and 2013, adults admitted with CAP to 2 hospitals that covered the catchment area of Greater Nottingham, were studied prospectively. Of 2,221 individuals, 643 (29.0%) were diagnosed with pneumococcal CAP. Of those with pneumococcal CAP, 203 (31.5%) were admitted during school holiday periods. Admission during school holidays was independently associated with a diagnosis of pneumococcal CAP, after adjustment for variables including child contact. There was a 35% increase in the age-adjusted incidence rate of adult pneumococcal CAP during school holidays compared to term time.

Dr Daniel says "Our results demonstrate a higher incidence of pneumococcal CAP in adults hospitalized during school holiday periods compared to term-time. Duration and intensity of child contact may play an important role in pneumococcal disease transmission to adults, however, as this is an observational analysis causality cannot be assumed."

. She adds "Social interactions between adults and children seem to be important in relation to rates of pneumococcal pneumonia. Adults at higher risk of developing severe pneumococcal pneumonia may benefit from being vaccinated in accordance with current national guidelines. "



Source: Medindia
Advertisement

Post your Comments

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.
User Avatar
* Your comment can be maximum of 2500 characters
Notify me when reply is posted I agree to the terms and conditions

You May Also Like

Advertisement
View All