you are a pet owner, a parent, an adventurer or a backyard explorer; there are
things which you can do to initiate rabies control. So, September 28th
is globally observed as World Rabies Day with an aim to enhance awareness about
rabies and also to encourage the efforts to prevent and control the disease.
World Rabies Day
Rabies day was initially co-sponsored by Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention (CDC) and the Alliance for Rabies
(ARC) in 2007 and now it is being celebrated in many countries throughout the
world including the United States. The World Rabies Day was launched with the
aim of highlighting the public health impact of human and animal rabies.
intention behind observing World Rabies Day was to ensure the focus of the
public in taking steps towards preventing and controlling rabies through
immunization of pets like dogs, cats with rabies vaccine
; providing information on how to
avoid the animals which are known to spread rabies such as raccoons, bats,
skunks, and foxes.
World Rabies day is celebrated through various events all of which aim towards
increasing the awareness about rabies. The Global Alliance for Rabies Control
(GARC) leads the day from the forefront by collaborating with other international
organizations such as FAO, OIE and WHO, Governments and other stakeholders
across the medical and veterinary sectors to effect a positive and sustained
Some Facts about Rabies
major concern is that rabies; a fatal disease still does not have any cure once
a patient develops the symptoms of rabies. Statistics have showed a count of
55,000 plus for rabies related deaths every year all around the world. Studies
in United States showed that one to two people die annually and the number of animal rabies cases
reported in the year 2012 was more than 6,000. Rabies is a deadly disease which
is a major health challenge as it is present in all parts of the world.
Rabies: A Viral Disease
is a viral disease which is caused by the bite of the
carrying the virus. Canine
rabies is a form of rabies and it is uncontrolled in many parts of the world
causing a rabies threat
due to a large
population of stray dogs. The stray dogs also come in contact with other
animals and hence the potential to increase the transmission of the rabies virus
The disease is caused by an infection of virus which
invades the nervous system of mammals. The virus is transmitted from the saliva
of the infected animals through animal bites or scratch. Following the
infection, the virus spreads to the nerves to spinal cord or brain and leads to
behavioural changes and clinical signs of the disease.
What are the Key Symptoms of
key influencers causing the development of the disease symptoms are:
- Severity of the bite
amount of rabies virus entering the body
- The animal which
- The immunization status of the victim
of the animal bite
What Happens if you Have Rabies?
are various tell-tale signs which can help you in identifying rabies in humans,
the primary signs and symptoms are:
or itching sensation at the site of animal bite
malaise and headache for more than 2 days
- Hydrophobia or
fear of water
- Intolerance to noise, bright light or air
of impending death
- Anger, irritability or depressive
more severe cases, with the increasing hydrophobia, spasms in neck or throat
are instigated by even the sight of water. The illness lasts for 2 to 3 days
but sometimes it may extend up to 6 days as well.
various steps which are recommended for rabies prevention include:
pets to a veterinarian to get them rabies vaccination.
Maintaining distance from the wildlife and unfamiliar animals.
your pet indoors and ensure that it is being watched while outside.
garbage securely covered.
- Instruct your children never to
handle wild animals or unfamiliar domestic animals.
exposure rabies prophylaxis is mandatory in individuals who have been bitten by
a dog, cat or any other animal which is rabid or suspected to be carrying
rabies virus. World Rabies Day can be used as a platform to promote the
prophylactic treatment of rabies.