- The World No
Tobacco Day is observed on 31st
May each year.
- Campaigns are
carried out by the WHO Members States which strive to ensure that
preventable tobacco-induced diseases are high up in the public and
- The WNTD 2017
theme is 'Tobacco - A Threat to Development'. The aim is to raise
awareness on the national and global developmental burden of the tobacco
World No Tobacco Day (WNTD) is observed by the World Health Organization (WHO)
annually on 31st
May. The goal is to put
prevention of tobacco use high up on the public agenda.
1987, the WHO Member States kicked off the
World No Tobacco Day. The purpose of this campaign is to prioritize the
discontinuation and prevention of tobacco usage, to generate awareness on the
health risks associated with tobacco
to bring to light the mechanism of the tobacco industry, and most
significantly, to remind people worldwide that cutting tobacco use could enable
every individual to lead long, healthy lives.
World No Tobacco Day
- A Threat to Development'
tobacco use is a worldwide phenomenon. With the theme 'Tobacco - A Threat to
Development', the WNTD 2017 aims to shed light on the global tobacco crisis,
with particular reference to the threats that tobacco poses, to public health
and economy, and to the sustainable development of countries. Apart from
discussing the global risks associated with tobacco, the WNTD campaigns will
also throw light on governmental policies and public measures that could be
adopted to stop tobacco use and consumption.
‘World No Tobacco Day (WNTD) is observed annually on 31st May, to raise public awareness on the health threats and threats to sustainable economy and environment that tobacco use poses. The 2017 WNTD theme is ‘Tobacco - A Threat to Development’.’
The WNTD 2017 goals include:
- Emphasizing the
associations between tobacco usage, tobacco control and sustainable
- With a view to
the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, countries worldwide will be
encouraged to prioritize tobacco control.
- Motivating the
WHO Member States, as well as the
civil society to address and fight the interventions of the tobacco
industry in political affairs, thereby strengthening national tobacco
national, regional and global scale public and partner engagement for the
implementation of developmental strategies prioritizing tobacco control
- Stressing the
creation of a sustainable, tobacco-free world, by inspiring individuals
never to take up tobacco smoking, or by motivating them to kick this
What is meant by
tobacco control mainly refers to raising awareness on the health risks of
citizens, emphasizing the preventable nature of tobacco-induced diseases,
ensuring governmental and public strategies in controlling the spread of
tobacco supply and use.
also takes into account the growing risks to the environment posed by the
tobacco industry. The amount of money invested in the growth, manufacture and
trade of tobacco products can be diverted to far more useful, and much needed
health care programmes. Heavier tobacco taxes could also
be channelized for use in health and developmental strategies.
2030 Sustainable Development Agenda incorporates some substantial targets to
accelerate global tobacco control efforts. Apart from initiating responses to
this 2030 agenda, governments of all countries also have to implement the
guidelines set out in the WHO Framework
Convention on Tobacco, an international treaty with 179 countries and the
European Union, as part of their national responses to sustainable development.
A Tobacco-free World
for Every Individual
major aspect of tobacco control action is the awareness among the general
public regarding the severe health threats associated with tobacco use. It is
vital to realize that second-hand smoke
is almost as harmful as smoking first hand. Cigarette
smoke contains toxic chemicals and carcinogenic elements such as tar, nicotine,
arsenic, carbon monoxide, and cyanide.
the non-smoking members of a family, could be exposed to as much harm as the
smoker himself, through passive smoking. A vow to live healthy, and create a
better world, both for oneself, as well as for one's friends and family, could
serve to promote a tobacco and disease-free world.
What are the health
risks associated with tobacco use?
tobacco leaf is used for most tobacco products that are meant to be smoked,
chewed, sucked or snuffed. All tobacco products, irrespective of the form,
contain carcinogenic substances which can have severe long-term implications on
a person's health.
can cause different types of cancer. These include cancers of :
smoking is also responsible for cardiovascular diseases, strokes and chronic
obstructive pulmonary diseases.
- Acute Myeloid
smokers, impotence and erectile dysfunction are found to be 85% higher than in
What are the effects
of tobacco on Women?
women, tobacco smoking can cause irreversible damage. Women smokers
are at a 60% higher risk of infertility
than non-smokers. Smoking could be responsible for miscarriages, and also
interferes with IVF-induced births, reducing the chances of a live birth by
women who smoke often give birth to babies with lower birth weight. Studies
have revealed that prenatal exposure to tobacco smoke can later manifest itself
in children with behavior disorders.
facts in India and the World
- The WHO estimates
a global overall of 7 million deaths associated with tobacco usage each
year. This staggering figure is expected to reach 8 million by 2030.
Developing countries have a burden of 80% of premature tobacco deaths.
- 2-4% of worldwide
deforestation occurs annually in order to provide land for tobacco
growing. Deforestation, in turn, is hazardous to environmental, and hence
- Tobacco growth
and consumption play an active role in the vicious cycle of poverty.
Tobacco is consumed in massive amounts by the lower economic sections of
society. These people tend to spend freely on tobacco products to feed
their addiction. In the process, essential health and educational needs
are not met. And their poverty not only continues, but worsens.
- The tobacco
epidemic contributes to national financial burdens. Countries have to
spend enormous amounts on tobacco related diseases and conditions, which
could cause a deficit in other health care costs.
- In 2012, about 30%
deaths in India, were tobacco related.
- Beedi, a form of
thinly wrapped tobacco flakes, has been used by the poorer strata of the
Indian society, since ages. These constitute about 80% of the tobacco
market in India.
- Tobacco use among
Indian men is estimated at 48% and in women, it is around 20%.
- More than 274.9
million adults in India used tobacco products, in 2012.
- Globally, India
comes second only to China, in production and consumption of tobacco.
is no safe way to use tobacco. The only way you can save yourself and also keep
your loved ones healthy and disease-free is by letting go of the tobacco habit
altogether. Or, by never taking it up in the first place. Remember, "Your life
is in your hands, to make of it what you choose" -- John Kehoe.
- World No Tobacco Day 2017 video - Tobacco: a threat to development - (http://www.who.int/tobacco/wntd/en/)
- World No Tobacco Day, 31 May 2017 - (http://www.who.int/campaigns/no-tobacco-day/2017/event/en/)