Down syndrome day 2016 is celebrated on March 21st with the theme
- Down syndrome is the most common
chromosomal disorder with an incidence of 1 in every 1000 baby born with this
- Down syndrome is a condition in which an additional
copy of chromosome 21 is present
- People with Down syndrome
have characteristic facial features that aid in identifying the condition
is World Down syndrome day 2016 and the theme
for this year is #MyFriendsMyCommunity to focus on Down syndrome and how people
with Down syndrome can contribute to society.
The 21st day of
March was chosen as there is an additional copy of chromosome 21 in Down syndrome patients, also called trisomy 21.
‘Active inclusion of people with Down syndrome into mainstream society will help promote their health and encourage their talents in the field of music and other arts.’
Causes and Risk Factors of Down Syndrome
published by Babu Rao
Vundinti and Kanjaksha
Ghosh titled " Incidence
of Down syndrome: Hypotheses and reality" published in Indian J Hum Genet
2011 identifies causes and risk factors associated with Down syndrome and
Symptoms of Down Syndrome
- Aging of gametes
becoming over ripe
- Recent studies have shown gene
polymorphisms that affect the metabolism of folate and homocysteine an
important factor in trisomy 21 or downs syndrome.
- Use of contraceptive pill
People with Down's syndrome exhibit certain characteristic physical
and well as intelligence and developmental symptoms. As this is a congenital condition
, the symptoms are present from
birth but are recognised better as the child grows up.
slant upward and are placed further apart.
- Neck, ears and
head are small.
- Hands are short with the fingers short.
are no creases in the palm except for a single deep crease.
- A distinct
crease is found between the big and second toe.
milestones are longer
- Speech and
language learning takes increased time
ability to focus for long, poor attention span
- Show sudden
Initially people with Down syndrome find it hard to grasp language
skills but they soon learn enough to communicate for their needs. Over the
years, people with the syndrome have shown remarkable ability to integrate
within mainstream society, if they are given the right opportunity and support.
The following are some of the associated conditions-
Increased Risk &
- Hearing defects - 60 to 80 percent of children have hearing deficits.
- Congenital heart disease - 40 to 45 percent of children with Down Syndrome have congenital heart disease.
- Intestinal abnormalities - can be found at a higher frequency than normal population.
- Eye Problems - more common
- Thyroid dysfunction - more common
- Skeletal problems - noted at a higher frequency
People with Down syndrome are at an increased risk for -
Down Syndrome Patients and the Promise They Hold
- Alzheimer's disease
- Sleep apnea
- Skin disorders
Many countries, including India, look upon people with Down syndrome
with caution and do not let them into active mainstream society. However, they
have shown tremendous courage in gaining recognition.
: People with Down's syndrome are always pictured as being happy and
completely unaware of emotions around them. This is far from true as they
express the entire range of emotions including anger and sadness. They
understand kindness and warmth and they respond to such emotions with similar
: A person with Down syndrome
has many faculties and interest areas that can be tapped like becoming a dance exponent
. Most people with downs syndrome enjoy arts and
appreciate music and dance.
: Some patients have a
very mild delay in cognitive development but they may require additional time
to comprehend situations. All it requires is patience to encourage them.
: People with Down
syndrome may require additional support while learning, which has more visual
images. However, they should be included in normal schools.
: Most people picture people with
Down's syndrome as being sickly, however, advancements in medical technology
have aided in promoting health.
People with Down syndrome should be treated with care and should be
made to feel normal. This will promote their well being and encourage them to
look for meaningful relationships within society. Many people with Down's
syndrome are being actively employed in banks, hotels and other places of
business, allowing them to contribute to society.
This World Down syndrome day 2016 seeks to highlight their active
inclusion into society by creating special bonds of friendship within the