World COPD Day is being celebrated on the 16th of November 2016 by
the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) with the
theme "Breathe in the Knowledge".
- COPD or chronic
obstructive lung disease is a common lung disease in smokers
World COPD Day 2016 is being celebrated on the 16th of November 2016
with the theme-Breathe in the knowledge
- Early diagnosis of
COPD ensures early treatment and slows the progression of the lung condition
The first world
COPD day was held in 2002. The day is celebrated to increase awareness
about chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. COPD is a chronic lung condition
that affects a large number of people all over the world, especially those who
smoke or are exposed to polluted air.
is a group of
lung conditions which include chronic bronchitis
chronic asthma that is not fully reversible. It usually affects middle aged or
older people resulting in difficulty in breathing or chronic breathlessness.
Unfortunately, sufferers usually regard the breathlessness as a part of aging
and are often not aware that they have COPD.
‘Breathe in the knowledge about chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD) this World COPD Day.’
Here are some facts and
information about COPD:
- COPD was responsible for around 3
million deaths in 2015 alone with most deaths occurring in the low and
- COPD only affects
adults. It is
common in smokers. Therefore, the importance of tobacco cessation to prevent worsening of the condition should not
be underestimated. People who do not smoke especially teenagers should be
advised about the harms of smoking. Exposure to polluting
air at the workplace or otherwise also increases the chances of COPD.
of COPD include chronic cough with sputum production and breathlessness. In the
initial stages, breathlessness may appear only on exertion, but as the disease
progresses, it may be present even at rest. The breathlessness may be
interspersed with more severe attacks, which may even require hospitalization.
People should be aware of the symptoms of the disease so that early diagnosis can result in prompt
treatment and will prevent the worsening of the condition.
reduces the breathing capacity of the lungs, which can be detected with a
simple instrument called a spirometer.
The test involves breathing into a tube as per the instructions of the
technician and is totally painless. Lung changes can also be noted on x-ray.
genetic deficiency of the alpha-1
antitrypsin protein is highly associated with COPD. Therefore, screening
for the deficiency in areas where the genetic defect is highly prevalent could
help in counseling the patients.
- COPD can increase your
chances of developing lung infection. The infection may even assume serious
proportions due to reduced immunity in the elderly. Therefore, it is a good
idea for older patients with COPD to get a flu shot to prevent pneumonia.
with COPD may also suffer from other comorbidities
like heart failure and lung cancer. Therefore, it is necessary to monitor for
these conditions in patients with COPD.
- COPD cannot be
completely cured, but the symptom
management is possible with medications. The patient can be made to feel
comfortable and the progression of the disease can be slowed down.
with very severe COPD may require ventilatory
support. The oxygen content of the blood can be measured by a simple
non-invasive method called pulse
- It is important to maintain lung health with
adequate physical activity depending
on the patient's capacity. A regular walk is good not only for the heart but
also for your lungs. Yoga and other breathing exercise can definitely benefit
- The GOLD
Strategy for Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention of COPD - 2016 documentis available on the GOLD website as a
guide to healthcare professions to manage COPD.
- Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung
Disease - (http://goldcopd.org/)