overweight are main risk factors for a number of chronic conditions, including
cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and cancer. Once an issue only in developed
countries, obesity and overweight have now emerged as the biggest public health
threats in low-income and developing countries, particularly in urban areas.
However, the good news is that dealing with obesity and overweight is not
actually a big deal. According to experts, one can prevent obesity and
overweight and regain normal weight, with some healthy lifestyle changes, such
as eating fewer calories and being physically active.
Anti-Obesity Day is observed annually on 26th November to create awareness
overweight. The initiative was launched by the VLCC, an Indian wellness brand,
under the guidance of its founder Mrs. Vandana Lutra in 2011. The day urges people
to take immediate steps against unhealthy fat. The annual celebration brings
healthcare organizations across the globe together to create awareness about
obesity. The organizations mainly focus on teaching the public about ways to
incorporate effective lifestyle changes in all aspects of life. Notably, none
of them forces people into starvation diets or a high exercise regime. Rather
the focus is on a holistic approach that includes a well-balanced diet and
exercise as well as simple lifestyle changes including adequate sleep and healthy food habits
‘Obesity is a major risk factor for chronic conditions like cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and cancer. World Anti-Obesity Day 2015 urges people to take holistic approach to health and stresses on healthy food habits, exercise and adequate sleep.’
campaign also stresses on the fact that making a sudden change in weight is almost
impossible. The campaigners advise people not to fall into the trap of
companies that offers instant weight
plans. Your goal shouldn't be quick weight loss; it should be
healthy weight loss that is suitable for your lifestyle and is sustainable for
a lifetime. Moreover, the fight against obesity should not be restricted to a
single day as it is impossible to overcome this health menace in a day. Thus,
the significance of the anti-obesity day initiative
lies in being a starting point from which to commence the eventful journey
towards a healthier life.
overweight are defined as the excessive fat accumulation that poses a threat to
the health. Body Mass Index
(BMI) is used to evaluate obesity and overweight. BMI is calculated by dividing
a person's weight in kilograms by the square of height in meters. A person with
a BMI of 30 or more is considered obese. A person with a BMI of 25 or more is
According to the
World Health Organization (WHO), the prevalence of obesity worldwide has more
than doubled between 1980 and 2014. More than 1.9 billion adults were
overweight in 2014 and of these over 600 million were obese. As per the latest
data available with the WHO, a total of 42 million kids under the age of 5 were
overweight or obese in 2013. Experts state that if these trends continue, the
total number of people with obesity will double by 2030.
Obesity - Associated
Heart Disease and Stroke
develops high blood pressure
and high cholesterol
. Both of these
conditions increase risks of
and heart disease. However, 5%-10% of weight
loss can lower the chance of developing heart disease.
Type 2 Diabetes
Most people who
have type 2 diabetes
are obese or overweight. Diabetes
risk can be reduced by losing weight, eating a balanced diet
and an active lifestyle.
(after menopause), and endometrium (the lining of the uterus) cancer
are connected to obesity. Some researchers have also reported connections between cancers of the gallbladder,
ovaries, pancreas and obesity.
disease is common in overweight people. Ironically, rapid weight loss or loss
of a large amount of weight can make you more likely to get gallstones
(a small, hard crystalline mass formed
abnormally in the gall bladder).
often affects the knee, hip, or back. Carrying extra pounds places extra
pressure on these joints and wears away the cartilage that normally protects
is a breathing condition, and it is
connected to being overweight. The condition can cause a person to snore
heavily. Weight loss often improves sleep apnea.
Also, note that
not everyone who is obese has all of these issues. The risk rises if you have a
family history of one of these diseases.
weight-loss strategies include setting realistic goals and making healthy
lifestyle changes, such as consuming fewer calories
and being active
physically. In some extreme cases, options like medicines and weight-loss can
also be considered.
realistic weight-loss goals is important in both adult and child weight loss
- Plan to lose 5 to 10 percent of the
current weight over six months. This will lower risks for coronary heart disease.
- Lose weight slowly. A weight loss of 1 to 2 pounds a week is
do-able and safe. This strategy will give
sufficient time to make new, healthy lifestyle changes.
- One must consider further weight loss, if they are still obese
even after losing 10% of their body weight in six months.
Healthy Foods Include:
- If kids are overweight or at risk for obesity or overweight,
the goal is to maintain their current weight. Make them stay physically
active and give them a balanced diet.
a doctor if kids are obese and have a health condition related to it. The doctor may refer to a pediatric
obesity treatment clinic.
- Low-fat and fat-free dairy products, such as low-fat yogurt and
- Protein-rich foods, such as lean meat,
fish, beans, and peas.
- Whole-grain foods, such as whole-wheat bread and oatmeal. Other
grain foods include cereal, pasta, bagels and bread.
- Fresh fruits and vegetables.
Canola and olive
oils are heart healthy. Use them in small amounts because they're high in
calories. You can also have unsalted nuts, like walnuts and almonds, as long as
you limit the amount you eat.
muscle-strengthening, bone strengthening, and stretching are the four main types
of physical activity. One can do physical activity with
moderate, or vigorous intensity. Many individuals are able to maintain their
weight by doing 150 to 300 minutes of moderate-intensity activity per week.
Individuals who want to lose a large amount of weight may need to do more than
300 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise per week. Break activity into
shorter periods than exercising for longer hours. Consult a
doctor to get the best personalized
might be an option for individuals who have extreme obesity when other
treatments have failed. Weight-loss surgery
also is an option for
individuals who have a BMI of 35 or more and life-threatening diseases, such as
severe sleep apnea and obesity-related Cardiomyopathy
and severe type 2 diabetes.