It is important
for sportspersons to keep hydrated for optimal performance during exercise.
After extensive researches and tests done by exercise and sports scientists, a
final product came out which came close to meeting the the expectations and
sports drinks came into existence. Sports drinks are widely promoted and used
and many of them claim to provide instant energy after workouts. Sports drinks
are designed as alternate to water. They replace the electrolytes lost with the
sweat during the workout, prevent fatigue and enhance the performance of the
athlete in sports.
like Gatorade and Powerade are designed to provide immediate energy and fluid
balance post workouts and heavy exercises. They contain the primary
electrolytes and carbohydrates used by the exercising muscles and maintain the
exercise and sports performance. The
electrolytes in these sports drinks help to maintain a safe water-to-sodium
ratio during prolonged workouts. When we sweat, we lose many essential
electrolytes like sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, chloride, phosphate
and sulphate. Loss of these electrolytes causes fatigue and can wear out the
muscles causing damage to them. The sports drinks contain all these essential
electrolytes at the correct ratio and help the body to absorb them quicker. The
carbohydrate and glucose content in them prevents fatigue and tiredness and
renews energy in the athletes.
conducted to compare the efficacy of water and sports drink was done on a set
of athletes. The results showed that the sports drink were the best option for
re-hydrating the body, since they were successfully absorbed by the body and
the athletes felt energized as compared to normal water. Sports drinks
have proved to be beneficial over water during exercises and strenuous activities
in many other similar studies. Studies show that taking water during any kind
of heavy exercise and workout dilutes the sodium and potassium levels and leads
to water intoxication or hyponatremia.
With the pros,
sports drinks also come with the cons. If sports drinks are taken if hardly any
exercise was done, it leads to weight-gain. Most of the sports drinks contains
a higher or equal amount of sugars to provide carbohydrates in the body. Taking
too many carbohydrates can raise your insulin levels in blood, leading to fat
storage. Sports drinks also contain permitted colors, which have a tendency to
stain your teeth and harm your teeth enamel. Hence, it is very important to
take sports drink only in case of strenuous exercises.
drinks shouldn't be mistaken as energy drinks. Energy drinks like Red
Bull and Cloud 9 contain high amount of sugar, caffeine and flavors. The high
amount of sugar and caffeine keeps a person energized for a few hours and cuts
fatigue. Several cases have come to light where excessive intake of energy
drinks proved fatal to many youngsters and hence is banned in many countries.
Unlike sports drinks, energy drinks don't replenish the lost electrolytes in
There is always a stiff competition among the top companies
manufacturing sports drink to be named the official providers in important
international sports events around the world. Powerade, the sports drink
manufactured by the Coca Cola Company is the official sports drink of the
London 2012 Olympic games.