Recently a study
published in online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American
Academy of Neurology said that youth is a susceptible period for falling in the
"stroke belt" and teenagers are at the threat of being affected by a stroke
times to come.
In the United States the number of people
dying of stroke is more in southeastern region (known as the stroke belt) as
compared to the rest of America.
Studies have revealed a
minor variation on the basis of traditional predisposing risk factors such as
high blood pressure and diabetes.
Past studies have shown
that people born in the susceptible stroke belt but not living there continue to
be in danger of having stroke.
The experts tried to observe
how people dwelled in the stroke belt throughout their lives and whether age
period had any influence in determining the stroke risk.
researchers evaluated the data from the Reasons for Geographic and Racial
Differences in Stroke (REGARDS), a national random sample of the population
residing in the stroke belt. Around 24,544 people in the average age group of 65
years. These people never had any incidence of stroke at the onset of the study.
57 percent of the volunteers were currently living in the vulnerable stroke belt
while 43 percent lived in other parts of the country.
volunteers were traced for about 5.8 years during the entire span of study 615
people had their first stroke.
The scientists discovered that
after adjusting the other risk factors of stroke, simply living in the stroke
belt during the teenage years was found to be an important risk factor of
Those who spent their teenage years in the stroke
belt had 17 percent more chances of having a stroke.
stroke risk was raised about two-fold for African-American in contrast to
Virginia J. Howard, PhD, of the School of Public
Health University of Alabama at Birmingham, a member of the American Academy of
Neurology and the study author said, "This study suggests that strategies to
prevent stroke need to start early in life."
mentioned, "Many social and behavioral risk factors, such as smoking, are set in
place during the teenage years, and teens are more exposed to external
influences and gain the knowledge to challenge or reaffirm their childhood
habits and lifestyle."
The study was financially aided by the
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke and the National
Institute on Aging.
Teen years may be critical in
later stroke risk - Science Daily