Fast-paced lives have increased
the number of people suffering from lifestyle-related diseases. Accidents and
trauma cases are now flooding the hospital, which makes development an urgent
need of the hour.
Thanks to the millions of dollars
invested by sponsors, a huge number of clinical trials are now being
successfully conducted to develop new and better medications and tools to aid
health and wellness. Brain surgery remains the most complex and dangerous
surgeries till date. A simple miss or a nudge can affect the patient's vital
systems for the lifetime. It is for this reason that developments in brain
surgery are a must.
Here we describe the two
evolutions in the field of neuroscience and neurosurgery.
Interventional MRI for patients with Parkinson's:
suffering from Parkinson's disease, a battery-operated brain stimulator
electrode is used, which overrides the
abnormal electrical patterns arising from the brain. This deep brain
stimulation technique has been used since decades for Parkinson's patients to
control movement and involuntary motion. During this procedure, the patient was
earlier needed to be awake to give a real time monitor and to confirm the
proper placement of the device.
With the invention of new
interventional MRI, things have now changed. The patient can be kept under
general anesthesia and can be treated more efficiently using a skull-mounted
device which is used in conjunction with a software package and a real-time
MRI. This approach is faster, less invasive and more accurate than the earlier
method of treatment.
Brain surgery for Arteriovenous malformation:
The world recognized
medical team from UC San Diego Medical Center have, for the past 3 decades,
struggled and strived hard to evolutionarize a complex surgery into a simple
technique involving minimally-invasive approaches. A brain lesion, also known
as an arteriovenous malformation, is a dangerous condition wherein clusters of
arteries and veins start developing in the brain.
Normal surgical procedures for
this condition carried with them a huge risk of inflammation and swelling of
the brain coupled with the usual risks like allergic reactions and infections,
associated with a normal surgical procedure. For years, the team strived to put
together different approaches of radiology, surgery and anesthesia to introduce
a new method of treatment of this condition, which is believed to have a much
lesser risk of these side effects.
The new technique has managed to starve these lesions
artery by artery, vein by vein, finally relieving the symptoms and restoring