India is on the throes of yet another independence day. It
means yet another round of flag hoisting, salutations and ceremonies --a time
when most Indians will be wearing national pride on their sleeve!
This independence day let us analyze the health scenario and
discover our true health status; are we a healthy nation, or are we at least
inching towards our goal? We now don't seem to mention the famous slogan "
Health for all by 2020.'
In a country like India, which is undergoing social and economic upheaval, health is of
quintessential concern. While good health is an indicator of individual and
national well being, it also impacts economic outcome as lack of health is
capable of putting entire families, and the nation at large, in a financial
The Rural-Urban Divide
Health care is easily available in urban locales so much so
that India, particularly the metros in southern India, became hubs of medical
activity. However, in the rural districts health care and
management is pitifully lacking. This is perhaps a reflection of the skewed
growth that India as a whole represents.
This is not to undermine some of the great achievements
attained by this country which is struggling with a burgeoning population,
illiteracy, ignorance and socio-economic imbalance.
Some National Health Facts
Life expectancy at birth
has increased for males and females to 64.1 and 65.8 years
respectively. This is mainly due to a rise in the quality of health services.
there are discrepancies between states and regions due to factors such as
literacy and social beliefs and economic status. For eg., in Kerala State the life expectancy is 73 years while in
states such as Bihar, Assam, Madhya
Pradesh or Uttar Pradesh the expectancy is in the range of 55-60 years.
Report of '99 gives the main causes of
in India as-
• non-communicable diseases (48
• communicable diseases (42
• injuries (10 percent).
There is a decline in the overall mortality with a marked
improvement in health care and its availability.
The infant mortality rate has
declined from 70 infants per 1000 live births in 1999 to 57 in 2005-06 per 1000
Maternal mortality rate is quite
high, due to socio economic reasons. Again, this could vary with regions within
In India, the overall prevalence of TB is 544 per 100,000.
There is a 16% increase compared to 467 per 100,000 during the last survey.
TB is more prevalent among males than in females and its
incidence is higher in rural areas compared to urban areas. India has over 3.4
million tuberculosis patients - i.e. 20% of world population with TB are from
India. A WHO report indicates that "India is the number one country in terms of
TB prevalence and an alarming 17 percent of patients who have availed
themselves of treatment earlier have developed multi-drug resistance (MDR),"
the report adds that 325,172 people in India had died of the disease in 2005
too has risen. It affects 2468 persons in every 1,00,000
population. This condition too, like TB, is more prevalent among men than in women
and affects the rural folks more than the urban people.
are more prevalent among the rural folks than among the urban people.
National Sample Survey Organization conducted a survey in
1991 and this study estimates that around 1.9 percent of the population are disabled
Previous statistics are not known and therefore a clear comparison is not
possible between the past and present status.
Save our Women, Save India
Lack of rules and legislations have brought vested interests
all over the world to our country and some of the international drug trials
have come under cloud. The legislations for drug trials, stem cell research,
surrogacy are either non-existent or inadequate. There are some sketchy
guidelines on certain issues but no punitive legislation and this leaves a lot
to be desired when some companies or individuals wish to make these commercial.
Easy availability of surrogates
have even brought
couples, many of them gay, from far and wide. School - girls are incited to
donate eggs and women from lower middle class are used for impregnation for
surrogacy at nominal costs and in some instances the same women rents out her
womb more than once. Exploitation of women be it for flesh trade, kidney or
liver donation or surrogacy never seems to stop in India.
There need to be more focus on the following areas of health infrastructure, its
availability, utilization, monitoring
and prevention -
• More focus on public health must
be brought about by implementing systemic changes
• Due to the changing lifestyle in India diseases such as diabetes,
heart -related disorders and HIV/AIDS
are on the rise. There is an
immediate need to improve screening facilities for these diseases all over the
country on a wider scale.
• More widespread availability of medical facilities with
good infrastructures and well -trained staff
• Mental health care management
must be given equal
importance as that of physical health care
• The growing unethical nexus
between health care providers
and pharma companies must be monitored and busted, when ever necessary
• Patient redressal forums
must be improved
• Good quality life-saving medicines
must be made
easily available for all, at affordable prices
• The governing institutions, and the government at large,
must be made more accountable
for all the major health -related outcome
in the country.
There is still a long way to go before we truly begin to
has highest TB prevalence: WHO -