WTD is held to
commemorate the day in 1882 when Dr
Robert Koch identified the causative TB bacterium
, which was naturally the
first step towards controlling this deadly disease. World Tuberculosis Day
was first observed in 1982
the centenary of Dr Koch's life-saving discovery.
On this day various forms of events and activities take place to
promote the causes that strive to make the world TB - free. These events are supported by the World Health
, governments and various other global health bodies.
According to WHO estimates South-East Asia reported the highest numbers of new TB cases and
also accounts for 34% of the world TB
cases. However, the incidence rate in Sub-Saharan Africa is
estimated to be nearly twice as much as
that of South-East Asia.
( TB) is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium
. It is transmitted when
the bacteria contained in droplets of
fluid that fall out while coughing,
sneezing or spitting by an infected person disperse through air
inhaled by healthy individuals .
The theme for this year is "extra pulmonary tuberculosis."
Although TB mostly affect the lungs,
it is also known to affect other body
parts such as the spinal cord, brain
and kidneys. Focusing on extra pulmonary
tuberculosis this year is an
attempt at spreading awareness on TB
that affects body parts other than lungs and shedding light on its evasive nature.
person may have the active or the latent form of tuberculosis
. In the active form, the immune system is unable to overpower
the ill-effects of the TB bacterium and the person develops full- blown
disease. In the latent form, a person might harbor the bacterium but will not
develop symptoms of the disease. However, when the immune system is at some
point compromised, or becomes weak, the latent bacteria can become active and
the person could develop TB.
symptoms of TB include coughing, chest pain, night sweats, fatigue, loss of
appetite and loss of weight. TB can easily be detected through a routine blood
or skin test.
risk of the infection include people who are positive for HIV, those who are
immune- compromised and those who have not been properly treated for a previous
strong antibiotics are part of the treatment regime for tuberculosis. Latent TB
can be treated with isoniacid, rifampin and rifapentine
while the active
disease needs to be treated additionally with ethambutol and pyrazinamide
If you have someone afflicted by TB in your home make sure
you follow the precautionary measures recommended by your doctor to prevent the
disease from spreading to others in the family.
It is important to know about the disease to fight the disease.
Remember that all forms of tuberculosis can be cured, if properly treated!