World Osteoporosis Day (WOD) is
celebrated by thousands of people across the globe on October 20. On this day a
year-long campaign is launched to increase global awareness of the prevention,
diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis and metabolic bone disease. WOD
involves campaigns by national osteoporosis
from all parts of the world with activities in more than 95 countries and is
organized by the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF).
The WOD slogan for the year 2014
is 'Real men build their strength from within
'. The campaign this year
would focus on the importance of good bone
for men. The goal is to make men as strong on the inside as
they appear on the outside. Another key aim of the campaign is to clear the
misconception that osteoporosis primarily affects women and highlight on the
lesser-known issue of bone thinning problem in men.
Research indicates that at least
one in five men over the age of 50 will suffer a fracture
due to osteoporosis. It
is an interesting fact that one-third of all the hip
actually occur in men and nearly 37 percent of men actually
die in the first year after suffering from a fracture. It has been seen that
men typically experience fractures at an older age in comparison with women and
hence morbidity and mortality rate is higher in them.
You get your
eyesight, teeth and cholesterol checked on a regular basis because your goal is
to be healthy and fit. But did you know that just like other body parts, your
spine too goes through a natural degeneration process as you age. The neck
pain, lower back pain, shoulder stiffness etc are all part of ageing of your
marks the day when people from all over the world come together
every year to raise awareness on World Spine Day (WSD) as part of the Bone and
Joint Decade's Action Week. The WSD theme for the year 2014 is "Straighten Up
and Move" which focuses on the importance of good spinal
, healthy spinal posture and activity. The intent of WSD is to
bring people from different walks of life such as patients, health providers,
health care organizations, government to help spread awareness of spinal
degeneration and ease this global burden.
What is Osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a silent and
invisible disease of the bones
with no symptoms whatsoever. Your bone is a living tissue which is constantly
undergoing 'remodelling' wherein the old bone is removed from the skeleton and
new bone is added. Your bone loses density or mass as you age and as they
become less dense, they also become weaker and are more likely to break even
from a minor fall if the condition is severe. No matter what the condition of
your bones, you should be aware that there are things to help them make
stronger and reverse the condition.
Diagnosis of Osteoporosis in Men
Osteoporosis can be effectively treated if
it is diagnosed before significant bone
has occurred. Some of the commonly used methods to diagnose
osteoporosis are complete medical history,
x-rays, blood and urine tests and Bone Mineral
(BMD) test. An example of
BMD is DXA (dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry)
For women, a BMD is often recommended at
midlife or when hormonal changes occur to watch for signs of bone loss.
However, in men, the truth is that the diagnosis of osteoporosis is made only
when a fracture occurs or a man complains of back pain and sees his doctor.
Hence it is imperative for men to inform their doctors about any loss of height
or change in posture, a fracture, sudden back pain or any other risk factors
for developing osteoporosis.
Risk Factors for Osteoporosis in Men
Family or parental history
Regular or frequent use of certain medications such as glucocorticoids
lung or gastrointestinal
Low levels of testosterone
Autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid
Sedentary lifestyle leading to lack of physical exercise
, excessive alcohol intake
Improper diet with inadequate intake of calcium and
Tips for Treating Osteoporosis in Men:
Apart from medication options
such as biphosphonates
therapy or parathyroid hormone therapy, the following tips are recommended for
Eat a healthy, balanced diet and include plenty of calcium-rich food in your
daily diet such as breads, cereals, fruits and vegetables, milk, dairy
products, fish, figs and other foods which are fortified with calcium. An
average adult needs about 1000mg of calcium per day.
Increase your vitamin D intake by including fish such as salmon, mackerel;
liver, eggs, margarine. A brisk walk under the morning sun will not only keep
you healthy and fit but will also boost your skin's production of vitamin D.
Ask your doctor about taking vitamin D and calcium supplements.
Reduce the consumption of alcohol
Never give up exercise if you have osteoporosis, but make sure to include
strength training and brisk
in your daily schedule under the supervision of your doctor.
There is no genuine excuse to not exercise; if you have time to watch TV and
surf the net! Be aware that certain activities such as jumping, running and
twisting can be hazardous to weaker bones, particularly if you have had a
Build your bone vitality and stop your bone
thieves from ruining your life. When diet is wrong, medicine is of no use and
when diet is right, medicine is of no need! So strengthen your bones by eating
foods rich in calcium and vitamin. IOF hopes you all would take part in this
year's campaign and make an important contribution to global osteoporosis